Heart and Sole: What Your Feet Can Tell You About Cardiac Health

Don’t overlook these tell-tale signs of a heart condition

If your feet could talk, what would they say about you? More specifically, what would they say about your health?

Imagine the cycle of blood flowing through your body — your heart pushing nutrients, oxygen, and all life’s vital ingredients to even the most remote, deepest appendages, then back up, against the force of gravity to repeat the trip over and over again — for a lifetime. What would happen if your heart began to struggle with that important work?

Like any pump-driven system, when the mechanism weakens, the most burdensome areas in the cycle are affected more visibly than others. Feet, being the lowest point in the body, are, thanks to gravity, a canary in the coal mine for cardiovascular health.

The language of your toes

Like the rest of your body, your feet communicate with you through pain and pleasure, as well as swelling. Puffiness in your feet is a symptom with various causes, from the relatively harmless like pregnancy, varicose veins or traveling, to the deathly serious.

A struggling heart can’t produce the power necessary for proper circulation, leading to a buildup of fluids in the feet. Shortness of breath and fatigue accompanied by swollen feet tends to suggest poor heart health. However, these additional symptoms can go unnoticed due to a lack of physical activity caused by the swelling and discomfort.

What is atherosclerosis?

Cholesterol — the bad kind — has the unfortunate habit of building up in the vascular system, sometimes blocking arteries from your heart. Coronary artery disease (CAD), or peripheral artery disease (PAD), is a buildup of cholesterol in the arteries feeding your extremities. Both CAD and PAD are versions of the disease known as “atherosclerosis”.

Some people are at higher risk of developing atherosclerosis than others. Screenings for these build ups are highly recommended for anyone who’s:

  • Diabetic
  • A smoker
  • Over age 50
  • Suffering from high blood pressure
  • Received a high cholesterol blood report
  • Family history of atherosclerosis

These screenings save lives. The early stages of PAD and CAD are often asymptomatic, and by the time symptoms manifest, the blockage is already severe. The screenings are as easy as having your blood pressure checked.

Other symptoms of PAD

While it might be welcome, if you notice a loss of hair on your feet or ankles, it’s probably a smart idea to request a screening. Cold, and/or discolored feet are additional red flags you’ll be grateful for not ignoring.

See an expert

Podiatrists know exactly what to look for. They are knowledgeable of which skin reactions are signs of heart disease, how to tell if the swelling is cardio-related, and what to tell you to keep an eye out for. Dr. Nina Coletta and her dedicated staff hold education in just as high of regard as treatment. If you have questions or concerns about pain or swelling in your feet, please don’t hesitate to schedule a screening, it could save your life.

Varicose Veins: Causing More Than Cosmetic Concern

Varicose vein treatment symptoms and treatment options

Varicose veins – the blue, web-like veins on your legs that seemingly come out of nowhere. Your initial thought is to figure out how to hide them. You’re not sure where they came from or what to make of them. You might think they’ll go away. Unfortunately, if not properly addressed, varicose veins have the potential of causing long-term discomfort and health problems that go far beyond just your appearance. So, what are varicose veins and what can you do about them? We break it down here.

Causes of varicose veins

Your veins contain valves that are responsible for keeping your blood flowing and preventing blood from backing up or pooling in a certain area. If these valves fail, the blood pools and the blood vessels swell and become distorted.

Varicose veins can be a result of a genetic predisposition. Otherwise, you increase your risk of developing varicose veins with the following:

– Being overweight

– Standing for several hours at a time

– As a side effect of pregnancy

Symptoms of varicose veins

How do you know if you have varicose veins? The symptoms are not solely cosmetic. In addition to dark purple or blue veins on your legs, you can experience other symptoms as well. This may include:

– Permanent skin discoloration

– Throbbing

– Swelling

– Cramping

– Chronic pain

– Fatigue

– Burning

– Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

– Blood clots

How serious can varicose veins become?

Cosmetic concerns are the least of your worries when it comes to varicose veins. If left untreated, varicose veins have the potential to become rather serious. Not only can they result in blood clots, but also are associated with the following:

– Spontaneous bleeding – which can occur as the skin on the top of the varicose vein becomes thin. The veins can become so fragile that even clothing can injure them.

– Venous leg ulcers – which can occur when the enlarged vein doesn’t provide enough drainage of fluid from the skin.

– Superficial phlebitis (ST) – can be caused by decreased blood flow through the vein, damage to the vein, or blood clotting.

– Skin breakdown and wound issues (in rare cases)

Treatment options for varicose veins

For at-home remedies, wearing compression-type socks or stockings can help avoid pain and prevent you from injuring the veins. Additionally, leg elevation, exercise, and pumping your feet can all aid in protecting the veins and preventing the symptoms from exacerbating.

In all cases, it is safest to seek consultation for further treatment. The treatment options a doctor will advise will depend widely based on the underlying issue, ranging from minimally invasive incisions to surgery. All cases should be treated on an individual basis.

Selecting the right specialist for treating varicose veins

You’ll want to find a doctor that is familiar with the wide range of treatment options available and are experienced in podiatric and vascular care. It’s important to find a doctor you can trust and who will outline all your options, recommending the best one for your individual case.

Vein problems are not just a cosmetic concern, and early treatment of varicose veins is essential for preventing further symptoms. Thanks to modern technology, today’s virtually pain-free laser procedures offer non-invasive options for patients suffering from varicose veins.

Dr. Nina Coletta’s podiatric practice offers cutting-edge laser technology for vein treatment that can help relieve your pain and prevent more serious symptoms from taking effect. If you think you may have varicose veins, learn about Dr. Nina Coletta’s laser technology options and consider booking a consultation.

Calluses or Corns Causing Concern?

Learn about some easy ways to get rid of them

Of all the parts of the body, the feet may be the worst place for an ache or ailment. This is because it’s virtually impossible to avoid the pain. Every step taken is an uncomfortable reminder that something isn’t right.

Corns and calluses are common foot conditions that can make walking unbearable at times. And if you’ve noticed these rough, lumpy areas of skin on either the tops (corns) or soles (calluses) of your feet, you know about this firsthand. So, how can you get rid of them? Here are some simple methods to try:

Soak your feet

Soaking can be a great way to eliminate both corn and calluses, and you have a few different choices that may work well for you. Start by trying Epsom salt and warm water; the water will make your skin soft and the salt will act as a scrub. Another good option is to substitute two tablespoons of baking soda in place of the Epsom salt and soak your feet for about a half hour. Finally, submerging your feet in chamomile tea for around 20 minutes will soften hard skin.

Start scrubbing

Now that you’ve soaked, it’s time to scrub. A file or pumice stone will work nicely for this. Rub your feet in a circular motion rather forcefully; don’t worry, your feet can take it. You may want to alternately dip your feet back into the water to keep the skin soft and pliable.

Head to the kitchen

Believe it or not, but you probably have an assortment of items in your kitchen right now that can help you with your foot troubles. For example, if you put olive or coconut oil on your feet and then wear cotton socks to bed, your skin will absorb the oil, which will soften the skin and reduce appearance of corns and calluses.

You know that pineapple you recently bought? Once it’s peeled, put that peel on your feet and secure it with gauze or tape and those corns and calluses will start fading away.

If you have some wheat germ and sesame oil lying around, mix them together, and heat up the mixture. Once cooled to room temperature, just apply it to your calluses daily, and before you know it, they’ll be gone.

Grab some aspirin

If your feet are causing you pain, you may already be taking aspirin, but instead of swallowing pills, you can try something else. If you crush a few tablets and then add a little bit of water and lemon juice to make a paste, you now have your own corn and callus remover. Just apply it to the area, cover with plastic wrap, and then put your feet up. After about 15 minutes, rinse it off and then scrub those nuisances away.

While all of the above are good tactics, they may not get rid of your corns or calluses permanently. If they just keep coming back, it’s probably time to see a podiatrist to find out the cause and to learn about better treatment options. To make an appointment now to see Dr. Nina Coletta, call 954-452-4590. You can also reach our office by sending an email to info@ninacolettadpm.com.

How to Protect Your Feet in Locker Room Showers

Dangers of public showers and how to prevent athlete’s foot

Public showers are not something to mess with. The risk of contracting tineau pedis, also known as athlete’s foot, is significant if you don’t take proper precautions and protect yourself when using locker room showers. This infection can be transferred from one person’s foot to the shower floor and then from the floor onto your foot, regardless of if you have any open wounds. Though contracting athlete’s foot is not life threatening, the symptoms can make you aggravated and itchy. The next time you shower in a public place, be sure to take the following precautions.

Wear shower shoes

It’s an absolute must. Walking barefoot in a public shower or even on the locker room floor can expose your feet to fungus, or sometimes even worse. While you’re walking around the showers barefoot, others are walking into the shower in sneakers or shoes that they wear throughout their days. Do you want what they’ve been carrying around on the bottom of their shoes on your feet? Wearing flip-flops or shower shoes is necessary if you want to keep your feet clean and protected.

Wash your feet daily

It seems obvious, but people often forget to rub and scrub the bottom of their feet and in between their toes on a daily basis. Especially if you’re someone who frequents a public shower, it might be irritating to remove your foot from the shoe for a scrub down; but remember, it’s not as irritating as athlete’s foot could be. Washing your feet each and every day is the most essential task to wash away potentially harmful bacteria.

Protect open injuries

Any cuts, wounds or breaks in skin can provide easy access for bacteria to enter the body and cause an infection. To avoid this, make sure any open wounds are securely covered. If you shower in public facilities often, you should inspect your feet regularly and replace bandages on a daily basis.

Dry your feet after showering

After showering in a public space, dry your feet thoroughly with a clean towel, including between the toes. Keeping your feet dry will help prevent any infection or trapped moisture. As an extra precaution, you should aim to alternate the shoes you wear each day to ensure the shoes are completely dry when you put them on.

Prep your feet

Especially if you have had athlete’s foot in the past, you should consider applying anti-fungal powders or sprays on your feet and shoes regularly to kill any bacteria you might have picked up. You should apply this powder or spray at least twice a day, and especially before you put your shoes on after a shower.

While we all would prefer to shower in our own homes, certain scenarios and schedules can make using public showers unavoidable. If using a locker room shower is not something you can prevent, it is important that you take the necessary precautions to keep your feet and yourself healthy and happy.

If you think you have athlete’s foot or another infection on your feet, consult a professional immediately. If you’re living in the South Florida area, visit Dr. Nina L. Coletta’s podiatry practice for all of your podiatry needs. Always on the cutting edge of advancement in podiatric medicine, Dr. Nina Coletta can offer the best treatment options for you whether it’s treating athlete’s foot, the need for custom orthotics, or even weight loss services. Learn more about what Dr. Nina Coletta can do for you.

Swollen Feet: When it’s Normal and When to Worry

If your toes resemble sausages, find out why and what to do about it.

There are many things that happen to our bodies on a regular basis that we may not be aware of. For example, swelling frequently occurs in different places, and quite commonly in our feet. If you spend a lot of your time sitting throughout the day, fluid accumulates in your feet, which is the reason your shoes fit a little more snugly in the afternoons or evenings. And, while this is normal, there are situations when swelling becomes more serious.

When should you see a doctor about your swollen feet?

  • If the swelling is only in one foot;
  • If you can’t put your shoes on at all, or if doing so causes pain; or
  • If your toe joints are swollen.

What can cause abnormal foot swelling?

Medication

 

Often foot swelling comes about due to the side effects of medication. Steroids, antidepressants, and medications for inflammation and blood pressure can all cause swelling in your feet. The same is true for medications that contain hormones such as testosterone or estrogen.

 

Pregnancy

 

Many body parts swell and expand during pregnancy, including feet. However, if it comes on suddenly or it’s severe, the swelling could indicate preeclampsia, which is a serious condition. If there are other symptoms as well, such as nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, or headaches, you should talk to a doctor right away.

 

Injury

 

An injury such as a sprained ankle can cause your foot to swell. In many cases, doing as little walking as possible, and icing and elevating the foot will reduce the swelling and pain.

 

Infection

 

Swelling can also be a symptom of infection, especially if you have diabetes. Therefore, diabetics are encouraged to check their feet for signs of swelling every day. Nerve damage can numb pain and swelling can then progress rapidly.

 

Blood clot

 

When blood clots form in leg veins, they can prevent blood from returning from the legs back to the heart, which in turn can cause foot swelling. A superficial blood clot, which is just beneath the skin may not be serious, but a deep clot can end up being life-threatening. In addition to swelling, if there is pain and fever, this could indicate a deep clot.

 

Disease

 

Swelling in the feet could be a sign of a much larger issue. When kidneys aren’t working as they should, this can lead to the buildup of fluid. A symptom of liver disease is the leaking of blood from blood vessels, which can accumulate in the feet.

 

A little bit of swelling usually isn’t a big deal, but if your feet are constantly blowing up and causing you discomfort, you need to do something about it. Dr. Nina Coletta can help relieve your pain. An expert in podiatric medicine, she will determine what’s causing the problem and come up with the best treatment solution. To make an appointment to see her, you can call our office at 954-452-4590 or just fill out our online contact form.

How to Increase Ankle Strength and Flexibility

Ankle exercises and stretches than can improve ankle strength

The ankle can be considered the most ignored joint, next to the wrist, in regards to athletic performance, flexibility, and injury prevention. In order for an athlete to reach optimal performance, they must have stable balance around each active joint. Our ankles serve as stability joints that, during active performance, must quickly absorb force and help shift and stabilize weight before the next movement. Strong and flexible feet and ankles provide our base for stable movement and are essential for performing physical exercise, and even daily activity, without pain or strain. Building strength and flexibility in your ankles will help prevent injury and improve your performance. Here are a few ways to help increase your ankle strength and flexibility:

Balance training

The purpose of balance training is to strengthen the tendons and ligaments surrounding the ankle joint. Another benefit is to improve overall balance in your body and body-in-space awareness. If you’ve had prior ankle injuries, these exercises may be familiar to you. These are simple, quick exercises you can do at home to improve your balance and ankle strength.

• Standing on one leg: Hold for 30 seconds per leg, with the goal of working up to one minute per leg.

• Balance and catch: Standing on one leg, play catch with a partner. Throw the ball in every direction – right, left, high, low. Perform three sets of 20-30 catches.

• One legged mini squats: Do a half squat on one leg, with the opposite leg out in front. Do 10 repetitions, three times and repeat with opposite leg out to the side and to the back.

Self-massage

Some self-massage work is very beneficial to the lower leg and foot, to loosen tension before exercise or stretching. While massage doesn’t necessarily make you more flexible, it does help you feel less tight for a window of time. If you self-massage your ankle before stretching or exercising, it gives you the opportunity to stretch or exert yourself further with less discomfort. Make sure to listen to your body as you massage your ankles and feet. Too much pressure might actually cause tension!

Strength training

There are several different exercises you can do at-home or at your gym that can build strength in your ankles and the tendons surrounding them. The following are just a few examples:

• Banded ankle mobilization: Place band at ankle joint line between medial and lateral malleoli (the base at the top of your foot). Place a considerable amount of tension through the band and lift your knee upwards without letting your heel rise off the ground. Hold this for between two to three seconds and perform eight to 10 repetitions.

• Self-ankle mobilization: Place your hand, in a web, at the level of the ankle between medial and lateral malleoli (again, the base at the top of your foot). Push from front to back as your raise your tibia (area between the knee and the calf). Hold for two to three seconds and repeat eight to 10 times.

Overall, increasing ankle strength and flexibility takes time and focus but can provide essential benefits including injury prevention. If you’ve already suffered from an ankle injury, you should consult a professional before pursuing your own therapy options.

That’s where Dr. Nina Coletta’s podiatry practice comes in. By working with other medical disciplines, such as orthopedics and internal medicine, she can provide the most comprehensive and effective treatment options to fit your needs. Learn more on how Dr. Nina Coletta can help you get back to your performance levels.

Cavus Foot and Keeping Your Heel Healthy

Cavus foot treatments for pain management

Cavus foot is a condition where the foot has an abnormally high arch. Because of this arch, an excessive amount of weight is placed on the ball and heel of the foot when walking or standing. Cavus foot can develop at any age, occur in one or both feet, and can cause consistent pain and instability to the foot and heel.

Symptoms of cavus foot

Besides having an obviously high arch even when standing, cavus foot can also cause one or more of the following:

Besides having an obviously high arch even when standing, cavus foot can also cause one or more of the following:

• Hammertoes or claw toes

• Calluses on the ball, side, or heel of the foot

• Pain when walking and standing

• An unstable foot, increasing the likelihood of ankle sprains

Treating cavus foot

To deal with the pain that stems from cavus foot, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) recommends shoe inserts, medications, and stretching as necessary therapy. Foot flexing and extending can help stretch out the foot and relieve tension. The AOFAS provides information on proper stretching exercises as well. In terms of medications, take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. An ice pack can also help reduce swelling, inflammation, and pain. Those suffering from cavus foot should also avoid walking on uneven walking surfaces.

If these treatments don’t provide enough of a solution, you might want to consider prescription heel orthotics or extended physical therapy.

Healing your heel

To keep your heel healthy, you should take the following steps:

Moisturize your heel twice a day: Before you begin walking around each day, moisturize your heel. This will help soften the skin and improve flexibility before the heel starts bearing weight. The second time you moisturize should be in the middle of the day, when your heels might be ready for some soothing to get through the rest of the afternoon. Look for moisturizers with urea and alpha hydroxyl to hydrate and exfoliate the skin.

Maintain your calluses: Don’t let your calluses thicken and worsen. Use a foot file to keep them under control or treat yourself to a spa pedicure. Don’t get overzealous though, as minimal callus can actually help protect your foot.

When possible, alternate between standing and sitting: If you know your day involves a lot of standing, be aware and take time to sit periodically throughout your day. You don’t need to feel chained to a chair, but you should try to give your heels a break from time to time when able.

Wear closed-toe shoes whenever you’re able: Socks and shoes can help maintain your skin’s moisture in your heel and mitigate dryness throughout your day.

If you need help keeping your heel healthy or need a pain management strategy for your cavus foot, you should consult a podiatrist to walk you through your options. Podiatrists give you the tools you need to manage pain and keep your heels well.

If you’re looking for an experienced podiatrist in South Florida, Dr. Nina L. Coletta is here for you. Practicing podiatry for over twenty years, the practice remains on the cutting edge of advancements in Podiatric Medicine, providing modern treatments and using three-dimensional technology to construct custom orthotics and braces. Make an appointment today.

Podiatric Sports Medicine: How to Prevent Common Sports Related Injuries to Feet and Ankles

Foot and ankle injury protection requires focus and determination

Foot and ankle injuries are common in sports, especially if you play tennis, soccer, or run long distances. If sports are an integral part of your everyday life, you’ll want to do what you can to avoid injury, which would prevent you from participating in the sports you love. Athletes and sports enthusiasts can decrease their risk of injury by taking precautions such as these:

Warm up before any physical activity

Regardless of the level of physical activity you’re about to endure, warming up is a necessary step in injury prevention. Warming and stretching your muscles to prepare your bones and joints for increased performance will provide less of a shock to your feet and ankles. A warm-up should consist of up to 10 minutes of light jogging and stretching.

Dress appropriately

The last place to be cheap is on your feet, especially for athletes. Make sure you’re wearing quality athletic shoes with cushioned soles and strong arch support. You’ll want to buy a new pair of athletic shoes a few times a year. Padding in athletic shoes wears out rather quickly, especially when you’re exercising in them frequently. You’ll also want to be aware of the tread or heels wearing down. It’s a rough, recurring expense, but it’s worth preventing chronic foot and ankle problems. If you’re unsure what shoes to buy, consult a podiatrist or sports medicine health professional. WebMD also offers tips on finding the right athletic shoe for you.

Listen to your body

It doesn’t matter how strong or athletic you are, you are doing a disservice to your body if you attempt to fight through pain. Ignoring the signals your body is telling you and pushing through pain can lead to injury or worsen an existing injury. If you experience foot or ankle pain while playing a sport, stop or modify the activity immediately until the pain subsides. If you’ve been injured previously, you should go through a sufficient rehabilitation period and training before returning to playing the sport at full capacity to avoid reinjuring.

Prevent recurring injuries

The sooner you force yourself to get back into the sport, the more likely you’ll reinjure your foot or ankle. In addition to listening to your body and going through the proper rehab and conditioning, athletes who have experienced foot or ankle injuries in the past could benefit from using a brace or tape to prevent another injury.

Practice consistent strength & conditioning

Conditioning is a gradual process that can significantly help you build muscle, improve balance, increase flexibility and range of motion, and stabilize your joints. All of these benefits can ultimately help you avoid injury. Regular conditioning of the muscles and joints prepares your body for the intense physical pressure that is placed on your body when playing a sport. Strength and conditioning programs typically involve stretching and exercises targeting specific muscles.

If you’re an athlete who wants to prevent injury or re-injury to your feet and ankles, it is important to consult a podiatrist who can guide you in putting the proper protocol in place to stay healthy.

Dr. Nina L. Coletta’s podiatric practice is proud to serve as Broward County’s leading podiatric practitioner. Our practice works in conjunction with other medical disciplines – including orthopedics, internal medicine, and physical therapy – to provide you with the most comprehensive and effective treatment. Make an appointment and let us help you stay in the game.

It’s All Greek to Me! Who on Earth is Achilles?

What does Achilles have to do with a tendon in the back of my foot?

Do you ever hear a phrase that you’ve heard somebody say a hundred times and wonder where it came from? “Sleep tight,” for example, is something all of us have said at one point or another; but what does it mean?*

“Achilles heel” is another term most people are familiar with. Used to describe someone’s weakness, it’s a rather common phrase. But do you know the origin? Here’s brief mythology lesson:

Achilles was a Trojan War hero from Greek mythology. When he was a baby, his mother Thetis was told that he would die young. To try to avoid this, she brought Achilles to the River Styx, which was supposed to make people almost invulnerable, and dipped him in. Because Thetis held on to him by his heel, the water didn’t touch it, and as a result, it became his one weak spot. And after surviving numerous battles, Achilles was killed when a poison arrow was shot into his heel.

Achilles and his role in foot care

Fast-forward a few thousand years, and now, in addition to a vulnerability, Achilles is most widely associated with the tendon named after him. And it’s fitting because the tendon is commonly injured. You may hear that a professional athlete has hurt his or her Achilles tendon, but just as many non-athletes do as well.

Where is the Achilles tendon?

The largest tendon in the body, the Achilles extends from your heel to your calf. If you feel a cord of tissue behind your ankle and a little higher than your heel, you’ve found it.

How is the Achilles tendon injured?

There are a number of ways to hurt your Achilles, such as:

• Over exercising or too much physical exertion

• Frequently wearing high-heeled shoes

• Taking certain medications that can lead to tendonitis

People with flat feet can also easily harm their Achilles tendon. This is because every time a step is taken, the arch of the foot collapses, which stretches the tendon.

Signs of an Achilles heel injury

If you are experiencing pain above your heel, it could be your Achilles, especially if the pain worsens when stretching your ankle or standing on your toes. If you heard a pop immediately before the pain, that could indicate a partial or complete tear.

What to do now

If the pain is mild, just staying off your feet as much as possible can be helpful. Ice is always a good idea, and over-the-counter painkillers can be beneficial as well. If the pain doesn’t go away or gets worse, it’s time to see a medical professional.

Often Achilles tendon injuries can be healed with the right strengthening and stretching exercises, which you’ll be able to get information on from your doctor or physical therapist. In severe cases, a cast may be required or possibly even surgery.

Achilles injuries can easily get worse without the proper care. To keep your Achilles (and the rest of your feet) healthy, make an appointment with Dr. Nina Coletta, Broward County’s leading podiatric practitioner. Call our office at 954-452-4590 or send an email to info@ninacolettadpm.com.

*There are differing opinions – one theory stems from the fact that mattresses at one time were supported by ropes that were pulled tightly for the best sleep – but most agree “tight” is just a synonym for “well” or “soundly.”

A Question of Balance: Do Your Shoe Heels Wear Out Unevenly?

Find out what this means and what you can do about it

See if this sounds familiar: You recently found an amazing pair of shoes that you definitely shouldn’t have bought because of the almost silly price tag, but you just had to have them. Then, after only a few months, you notice that the heels are worn down, but mostly on one side.

Because of what you spent on the shoes, you feel as though you can’t stop wearing them, which leads to more uneven wear, and most likely some foot or leg pain. So, what are you to do?

The first action you need to take is putting the shoes away. They may turn heads or create jealous glares, but none of that will be worth it if you’re hobbling around. The second step is to figure out what is going on with your feet.

Your body’s way of telling you something’s not right

When the body is right it will be perfectly aligned and your weight will be distributed evenly across your feet. When your shoe heels wear out unevenly, this is a sign of a problem. It could be related to a number of different things, including flattened or high arches, lack of muscle strength, or an issue with posture or joint mobility.

Abnormal foot structures, such as clubfoot, may also be to blame. Depending on the severity of the clubfoot, your heel is forced to hit the ground on either the inside or outside part of your foot.

What will result from this imbalance?

In addition to the pain you may already be experiencing, it’s possible that over time other ailments will arise, including plantar fasciitis and the weakening of your joints. You may also start to feel pain in your hips, back, and neck.

What can be done?

You may be tempted to try to correct things on your own, but by overcompensating in some areas, you might end up doing more harm than good. This is why you should make an appointment to see a podiatrist. Until you know exactly what is wrong with your feet, you won’t be able to fix any issues. Once your feet get looked at by a professional, the root of the problem can be determined, as well as a solution. This could involve exercises to improve your balance and posture or the use of custom orthotics.

Before you buy your next pair of shoes, get in touch with the office of Dr. Nina Coletta. We will give you a complete examination to figure out what’s out of balance and the steps needed to make everything right. Give us a call at 954-452-4590 or just fill out our online form.